Samuel Longcor was a handsome man. As an adult, he wore a full beard, neatly trimmed. He had piercing, light-colored eyes. A high forehead met his hair a little further back then when he was younger, but he still had good hair.
My 3rd great-grandfather lived his whole life in New Jersey. He was born in Sussex County on 05 June 1827 to parents George Longcor and Hannah Clark.
Farming was a significant industry in New Jersey in the early and mid-1800s. Samuel Longcor was no different than many of his relatives and neighbors and made his living raising crops nourished by the fertile soil of Sussex County.
Before the 1850 census, which was taken on the 22nd day of October, Samuel met and married his wife Hannah Eliza who went by the given name of Eliza. She was the daughter of John Willson and Mary Ayers and was born 10 August 1828 in New Jersey. By the end of 1850, Samuel (22) and Eliza (21) had set up house in Sparta and Samuel was farming.
Samuel and Hannah’s first child was a daughter and they named her Hannah Jane. Hannah Jane was born in January of 1851 in New Jersey. She would be an only child for a time as their second daughter wasn’t born until about 1858.
In 1860, with the Civil War looming on the horizon, the Longcor household consisted of Samuel (33), Eliza (32), Hannah Jane (9) and young Mary (2) and they were living in Frankford Township within Sussex County.
Two years after the war broke out, Samuel was required to register for the draft. In June of 1863, he stood in line with others and gave his name (Samuel Longcor), his age at 1st July 1863 (36), his race (white), his occupation (farmer) and his place of birth (New Jersey). At 36 he was probably considered to old to serve but if things went bad, they might need him.
Samuel was doing well enough in the 1860s to be listed on the tax roles. Along with Phillip Wyker, Samuel Longcor was assessed $8.33 of tax (rate of 8/12 in class B) on distillation of apples valued at $12.50 on 14 September 1863. He was engaged in business as a firm called Wyker and Longcor in the Wykertown. Unfortunately, the tax roles of 1865 weren’t quite as descriptive. Samuel Longcor was assessed $1.08 of tax (rate of 2-1/2 ) on gross receipts of $43.00 on 07 February 1865 in the town of Sparta. ($43 = about $837.00 in 2015.)
By 1870, Samuel and Eliza’s household had grown a few members. Their son George W. had arrived around 1861. They had also gained a son-in-law. The U.S. Census listed their household in Frelinghuysen, Sussex County, as Samuel (42), Hannah E. (44), Mary (12), George (7), William Hunt (28), Jennie H. (19) and young Belle (10/12). Samuel had real estate valued at $9,000 and personal property valued at $1,200. He was still making his living as a farmer. I suspect that the enumerator mixed up Samuel and Eliza ages. Also, he listed Eliza as Hannah E. and daughter Hannah Jane as Jennie.
When the 1880 census was taken, daughter Hannah Jane and William had moved into their own household and it is unclear where daughter Mary was. The remainder of the family, Samuel(53), Eliza(53) and son George (17), were living in Hampton Township. Consistent with years prior, Samuel was listed as a farmer.
Over the years, it may seem like Samuel and Eliza did a lot of moving around Sussex County. In actuality, Sparta, Wykertown, Hampton Township, Frelinghuysen, and Frankford are quite close and I’m sure that Samuel was always on the look out for better land on which to farm. Check out my blog post on the joys of finding a New Jersey township map (http://wp.me/p4WHi0-14) and you will see the relationship of the localities mentioned in this post.
Samuel was almost 70 when he passed away. His death certificate showed he was still farming. Samuel’s cause of death was cerebral apoplexy which translates into layman’s terms as a stroke in the brain. He died on 06 Jan 1897.
 New Jersey Department of State, death certificate L40 (1897), Samuel Longcor; New Jersey State Archives, Trenton.
 New Jersey Department of State, death certificate L58 (1892), Eliza Longcor; New Jersey State Archives, Trenton.
 1850 U. S. census, Sussex County, New Jersey, population schedule, Sparta, p. 180 (stamped), dwelling 72, family 277, Samuel Longcor; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 November 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 464.
 1900 U. S. census, Sussex County, New Jersey, population schedule, Lafayette Township, ED 169, p. 7B (penned), dwelling 159, family 170, William H. Hunt; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 September 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 995.
 1860 U. S. census, Sussex County, New Jersey, population schedule, Frankford Township, p. 3 (penned), dwelling 14, family 15, Samuel Longcor; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 November 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M653, roll 709.
 “U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918,” digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 November 2011), entry for Samuel Longcor, 14 September 1863, division 1, district 4, Sussex County, New Jersey.
 “U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918.” Digital image. Samuel Longcor. Ancestry.com. http://www. ancestry.com : 2005
 1870 U. S. census, Warren County, New Jersey, population schedule, Frelinghuysen, p. 22 (penned), dwelling 166, family 179, Samuel Longcor; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 01 October 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 892.
 1880 U. S. census, Sussex County, New Jersey, population schedule, Hampton Township, ED 179, p. 15 (penned), dwelling 139, family 144, Samuel Longcor; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 November 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 798.
 New Jersey Department of State, death certificate L40 (1897), Samuel Longcor.